About 41 million children under the age of 5 are overweight
One of the main problems of public health is the growing number of overweight and obese people in the world. People of all ages and different levels of education face this form of malnutrition. As a result, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other eating disorders are on the rise worldwide. These conditions are very difficult to treat in areas with limited resources and already overloaded health systems.
Reduce portion sizes to reduce the risk of overweight and obesity in childhood
Overweight and obese children are at higher risk of serious health problems, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, asthma and other respiratory diseases, sleep disorders and liver disease. They may also suffer from psychological consequences, such as low self-esteem, depression and social isolation. Childhood obesity also increases the risk of obesity, noncommunicable diseases, premature death, and disability in adulthood.
Over the past few decades, portion sizes in catering and home catering establishments have increased. Studies indicate that a larger portion size is accompanied by an increase in the total caloric intake of food, which can lead to weight gain. Thus, limiting portion sizes can be an effective measure to prevent overeating and possibly reduce the risk of overweight and obesity among children.